Clinical pharmacy services

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Intravenous literature: Chevalier, B. and Neville, H.L. (2011) Evaluating clinical pharmacy services on a surgical patient-care area: a nurses’ satisfaction survey. The International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 19(1), p.1-9.

Abstract:

Objectives: To determine nurses’ perceptions and expectations of clinical pharmacists prior to, and 9 months after, clinical pharmacy services were introduced on two general and gastrointestinal surgery hospital wards in Canada.

Methods: A survey tool was developed based on previous research, validated to ensure reliability and accuracy, and administered to approximately 70 nurses on the surgery wards.

Key findings: Response rates for the pre and post surveys were 75% and 67% respectively. Nurses indicated that the quality of pharmacy service improved significantly from pre to post survey (85% versus 95%; P < 0.0001). There was a statistically significant increase in positive responses to seven out of eight statements such as accessibility of pharmacists, timely responses to drug-related questions, and timely delivery of unit doses and intravenous admixtures. Almost all statements about nursing staff expectations showed increases in agreement. At least 85% of nurses indicated their expectations had been met or exceeded for all but one clinical pharmacy service. A higher proportion of nurses in the post survey felt that clinical pharmacists positively impact on their roles and responsibilities as a nurse. Comments from nurses indicated enthusiastic support for clinical pharmacy services.

Conclusions: A survey tool to assess the quality of pharmacy services in the hospital setting has been developed, validated, and distributed. A high level of nurses’ satisfaction with the provision of new clinical pharmacy services on general surgery/gastrointestinal surgery wards was demonstrated. Nursing staff were more aware of the responsibilities of clinical pharmacists and how the clinical pharmacist role could assist them in their own nursing practice. The survey may be useful for other wards and other institutions to measure satisfaction with pharmacy services.

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