CLABSI prevention program for intensive care units

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Evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention of infection following the introduction of new multifactorial strategies in the prevention program Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) at ICU” Ordóñez Rufat et al (2017).

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: The channeling of central venous catheters (CVC) is a technique used in intensive care units (ICUs) but it doesn’t come without the risk of infection in the placement and subsequent handling.

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of a prevention of infection following the introduction of new multifactorial strategies in the prevention program Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) at ICU.

METHODOLOGY: Comparative descriptive study in two periods, including all patients admitted in multipurpose ICUs of a tertiary hospital 2014. We analyzed 2014 data compared with 2013, to test the impact of new measures CRB prevention program. Variables: number of catheters, number of infections/1000 catheter days and path. Actions carried out were: prospective surveillance of the incidence rate, sequential program multifactorial prevention implementation of different measures, checklist for insertion of new catheters, introduction of weekly monitoring compliance, reporting episodes team are, continuing education for sanitary personal and implementation of the semipermeable transparent dressings with chlorhexidine gel.

RESULTS: The overall incidence density rate decreased from 3.1 episodes/1000 catheter days in 2013 to 2.3 episodes/1000 catheter days in 2014, improving in different units. The utilization ratio of the different accesses was: 35% humeral; 33% jugular; 25% subclavian; 10% femoral, and 13% hemodialysis catheter.

CONCLUSIONS: The new measures applied to reduce the bacteremia have allowed a decrease in the rate of infection, what brings closer to the objective of the Bacteremia Zero program.

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Reference:

Ordóñez Rufat, P., Polit Martínez, V., Escofet Gómez, R. and Martínez Estalella, G. (2017) Impact of Infection Prevention Program Central Venous Catheter in Intensive Care Units. Revista de Enfermería. 40(3), p.39-42. .

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