Intravenous literature: Khouli, H., Jahnes, K., Shapiro, J., Rose, K., Mathew, J., Gohil, A., Han, Q., Sotelo, A., Jones, J., Aqeel, A., Eden, E. Fried, E. (2011)Â Performance of Medical Residents in Sterile Techniques During Central Vein Catheterization: Randomized Trial of Efficacy of Simulation-Based Training. Chest. 139(1), 80-87.
Background: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a preventable cause of a potentially lethal ICU infection. The optimal method to teach health-care providers correct sterile techniques during central vein catheterization (CVC) remains unclear.
Methods: We randomly assigned second- and third-year internal medicine residents trained by a traditional apprenticeship model to simulation-based plus video training or video training alone from December 2007 to January 2008, with a follow-up period to examine CRBSI ending in July 2009. During the follow-up period, a simulation-based training program in sterile techniques during CVC was implemented in the medical ICU (MICU). A surgical ICU (SICU) where no residents received study interventions was used for comparison. The primary outcome measures were median residentsâ€™ scores in sterile techniques and rates of CRBSI per 1,000 catheter-days.
Results: Of the 47 enrolled residents, 24 were randomly assigned to the simulation-based plus video training group and 23 to the video training group. Median baseline scores in both groups were equally poor: 12.5 to 13 (52%-54%) out of maximum score of 24 (P = .95; median difference, 0; 95% CI, 0.2-2.0). After training, median score was significantly higher for the simulation-based plus video training group: 22 (92%) vs 18 (75%) for the video training group (P < .001; median difference, 4; 95% CI, 3-6). During the follow-up period, there was a significantly lower rate of CRBSI in the MICU (1.0 per 1,000 catheter-days) compared with the SICU (3.4 per 1,000 catheter-days) (P = .03). The incidence rate ratio derived from the Poisson regression (0.30; 95% CI, 0.10-0.91) indicated there was a 70% reduction in the incidence of CRBSI in the postintervention MICU compared with the preintervention MICU and the postintervention SICU.
Conclusions: Simulation-based training in sterile techniques during CVC is superior to traditional training or video training alone and is associated with decreased rate of CRBSI. Simulation-based training in CVC should be routinely used to reduce iatrogenic risk.