CLABSI detection: Which is the most relevant central venous catheter lumen to be sampled in multi-lumen CVCs

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Intravenous literature: Krause, R., Valentin, T., Salzer, H., Hönigl, M., Valentin, A., Auner, H. and Zollner-Schwetz, I. (2012) Which lumen is the source of catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients with multi-lumen central venous catheters? Infection. Dec 29. [Epub ahead of print].

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Paired blood cultures, drawn from the catheter and a peripheral vein, used for calculation of the differential time to positivity (DTP), have been proposed for the detection of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs). The most relevant catheter lumen to be sampled in multi-lumen central venous catheters (CVCs) has not been recommended.

METHODS: Forty-four febrile neutropaenic patients, following haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and with multi-lumen CVCs in place, were investigated using the DTP method of blood samples drawn from every lumen of the CVC and a peripheral vein.

RESULTS: Twelve of 44 patients (27 %) had CRBSIs, as determined by the DTP method. In 10 of 12 (83 %) febrile neutropaenic patients, after HSCT, CRBSIs originated from the CVC lumen used for parenteral nutrition and blood products only. 17 % had CRBSI originating from the other CVC lumen (p = 0.039).

CONCLUSION: In most patients, CRBSIs originated from the CVC lumen used for parenteral nutrition and blood products, indicating that this lumen is the main source of CRBSI. However, since 17 % of patients had CRBSIs originating from another lumen, each lumen of multi-lumen CVCs has to be considered as a potential source of CRBSI and should, ideally, be sampled in order to avoid failure in diagnostic procedures.

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