Checklist to identify barriers to compliance with evidence-based guidelines for central line management

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Intravenous literature: Ider, B.E., Adams, J., Morton, A., Whitby, M., Muugolog, T., Lundeg, G. and Clements, A. (2012) Using a checklist to identify barriers to compliance with evidence-based guidelines for central line management: a mixed methods study in Mongolia. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. May 16. [Epub ahead of print].

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the extent to which a checklist has potential for identifying barriers to compliance with central line management guidelines, to evaluate the potential utility of checklists to improve the management of central lines in Mongolia, and to define the gap between current and best practices.

METHODS: A 22-item checklist was developed based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, USA) guidelines and existing central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) checklists. The checklist was used to observe 375 central line procedures performed in the intensive care units of four tertiary hospitals of Mongolia between July and December 2010. In parallel, 36 face-to-face interviews were conducted in six other tertiary hospitals to explain practice variations and identify barriers.

RESULTS: The baseline compliance level across all components of the checklist was 68.5%. The main factors explaining low levels of compliance were outdated local standards, a lack of updated guidelines, poor control over compliance with existing clinical guidelines, poor supply of medical consumables, and insufficient knowledge of contemporary infection control measures among health care providers.

CONCLUSIONS: The health authorities of Mongolia need to adequately address the prevention and control of CLABSIs in their hospitals. Updating local standards and guidelines and implementing adequate multifaceted interventions with behavioral, educational, and logistical components are required. Use of a checklist as a baseline evaluation tool was feasible. It described current practice, showed areas that need urgent attention, and provided important information needed for future planning of CLABSI interventions.

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