Central venous occlusive disease is frequently observed in patients with end-stage renal disease” McFall and Lu (2018).
Central venous occlusive disease is frequently observed in patients with end-stage renal disease. Venography remains the gold standard for diagnosis, but intravascular ultrasound is a potentially beneficial adjunct that may positively influence intervention.
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McFall, R.G. and Lu, T. (2018) Application of Intravascular Ultrasound in End-Stage Renal Patients with Central Venous Occlusive Disease. Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal. 14(3), p.196-199.