Assessment of central venous catheter insertion competency

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#IVTEAM #Intravenous literature: Lenchus, J.D., Carvalho, C.M., Ferreri, K., Sanko, J.S., Arheart, K.L., Fitzpatrick, M. and Issenberg, S.B. (2013) Filling the void: defining invasive bedside procedural competency for internal medicine residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 5(4), p.605-12.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Residents perform invasive bedside procedures in most training programs. To date, there is no universal approach for determining competency and ensuring quality and safety of care.

OBJECTIVE: We developed and implemented an assessment of central venous catheter insertion competency for internal medicine and internal medicine-pediatrics residents, using measurements for knowledge, skill, and attitude and linking them to procedural outcomes.

METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of a 4-week, resident-run procedure service from July 2007 through June 2011 at a large academic medical center. Knowledge was assessed by using a written test, technical skill by using a checklist, and attitude by self- and supervisor assessments of residents’ confidence and capability. Competence was defined as (1) a minimum written test score (70%); (2) a perfect checklist score; (3) a resident’s self-assessed confidence and capability scores of 4 or 5 of 5; and (4) faculty rating of the resident’s confidence and capability as 5 of 5. A composite success rate was based on procedural outcomes (eg, completed procedures, less than 3 forward needle passes, and complication rate) and was compared to the checklist scores.

RESULTS: A total of 148 internal medicine and medicine-pediatrics residents inserted 639 catheters, and 53 (36%) achieved competence by the end of 4 weeks. Residents judged to be competent by checklist scores had a higher composite success rate than those deemed not competent.

CONCLUSIONS: Our multi-factorial criteria used to define central venous catheter insertion competency effectively discriminated between residents judged to be competent and those judged not competent, using data from procedural outcomes.

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