A randomized trial of the Vein Viewer versus standard technique for PICC placement in neonates

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Intravenous literature: Phipps, K., Modic, A., O’Riordan, M.A. and Walsh, M. (2012) A randomized trial of the Vein Viewer versus standard technique for placement of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in neonates. Journal of Perinatology. 32(7), p.498–501.

Abstract:

Objective: Peripherally inserted central catheters are important but can be difficult to place in neonates. Therefore, we compared a near-infrared device, the Vein Viewer, to determine if its use would increase successful line placement, with standard techniques.

Study Design: Randomized controlled trial in preterm and term neonates in a level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Result: In all, 115 subjects were enrolled with 59 randomized to the Vein Viewer group and 56 to the control group. Overall, use of the Vein Viewer showed a trend to more successful placement 86 versus 75%; unadjusted odds ratio 2.33 (0.90, 6.04; P=0.08). Infants randomized to the Vein Viewer were more mature (30±2 weeks gestational age (GA) versus 28±2 weeks GA; P=0.08). After adjusting for GA, use of the Vein Viewer was significantly more likely to lead to successful line placement (adjusted odds ratio 3.05 (1.10, 1.82)).

Conclusion: The Vein Viewer improved successful placement with the most benefit seen in infants of greater GA.

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